June 9, 2011 by khoahuynh
SAP allows you to specify your own automatic credit checks based on a variety of criteria. You can also specify at which critical points in the sales and distribution cycle the system carries out these checks.
OVXG – Set up Sales Areas
FD32 – Customer Credit Management
OVAK – Define credit limit check by sales document type
VKM1 - Blocked SD Documents – Finance have to released the delivery block
OVAD – Define credit limit check by delivery order
OVA7 – Define credit limit check by item category
OVA6 – Define credit group. You can groups together different business transactions which should be dealt with in the same manner with regard to the credit check.
OVA8 – Automatic credit control – Double click on the line itemsYou can have the followings credit limit check :-
Depends on the customer total value of open orders, deliveries, billing documents and open items.
No of days open
If you don’t want to deliver to the customer at all when even only 1 invoice is overdue.
Use of the credit check Oldest Open Item. If a user attempts to alter the order quantity of a released sales document
The preset % is whatever you want to set it as when configuring your automatic credit processing. You enter a deviation % and number of days,eg, you can set it so that an order can be changed by up to 10% within 30 days of original order entry date without it going back on credit block.
If a customer has a credit limit of 1000 USD, and you would like to restrict this credit limit only to be available in current month (say March). If the document day is in April then the credit limit is zero.You can use the “NextReview date” and “Number of days” fields and combined it with the “Last int.review” field in customer credit master “Status” view (FD32).
VOKR – Display of work list for credit management (configure the display variant)
Releasing the Credit Block
These are the three transaction code you can used for releasing the SAP credit management block.
VKM3 – Sales Order
VKM5 – Delivery Order
VKM4 – Both Sales Order and Delivery Order
Useful SAP Credit Management program
RVKRED06 – Background jobs for checking blocked credit management.
RFDKLI10 – Customers With Missing Credit Data
RFDKLI20 – Reset Credit Limit for Customers
RVKRED77 – Reorganize SD credit data
RVKRED08 – Checking sales documents which reach the credit horizon
Static and Dynamic Credit Check
Tell me the difference between Static and Dynamic Credit Checks.
*Simple Credit Check :*
Tr.Code – FD32
It Considers the Doc.Value + Open Items.
Doc.Value : Sales Order Has been saved but not delivered
Open Item : Sales Order has been saved , Delivered, Billed & Transfered to FI, but not received the payment from the customer.
*Static Credit Check*
it checks all these doc value & check with the credit limit
1) Open Doc.Value / Sales Order Value : Which is save but not delievered
2) Open Delivery Doc.Value : Which is delivered but not billed
3) Open Billing Doc.Value : Which is billed but not posted to FI
4) Open Item : Which is transfered to FI but not received from the customer.
*Dynamic Credit Check*
1) Open Doc
Here the System will not consider the above 1, 2, 3 & 4 values for the lost 3 months.
Settings for SAP FI Credit Management
The Credit Control Area is an organizational unit that represents an area responsible for granting and monitoring credit. Credit information can be made available per customer within a credit control area. One will use one credit control area that is four characters “JHEN”. All of the available functionality for credit management will not be used since a service has already been provided.
Stopping the billing process is not an option Organizational unit in an organization that specifies and checks credit limits for customers. A credit control area can include one or more company codes. It is not possible to assign a company code to more than one credit control areas. Credit and risk management takes place in the credit control area.
OB45 – Maintain Credit Control Area
OB38 – Assign Company Code to Credit Control Area.
OB01 – Define Credit Risk Categories.
OB02 – Define Account Clerk Groups
OB51 – Define Credit Representatives
OB39 – Define Intervals for Days in Arrears for Credit Management